Reception room: architectural history

Grandly appointed (1st -2nd century)

Similar to all large Roman luxury villas, the Villa Borg had a room which was not only used by the master of the house for living but also for self-presentation purposes when visitors came.

During its first usage phase in the 1st and 2nd century, the reception room was still very lavishly appointed.
The floor featured large area mosaics as could also be found in Perl-Nennig which was only a few kilometres away. Only thousands of individual stones remain of the floor.


Decline and change of use (3rd century)

At the start of the 3rd century the subfloor started to sink.
But instead of reconstructing the mosaics which were damaged as a result of this, an ashen layer covered the fragile screed.
A simple rammed clay flooring was applied over this at the centre of which was even an open fireplace.
This was followed by a further layer of ash and a new clay floor.

The large amount of ash indicates that there might have been a fire.
However, as the layers are very even and most of the finds do not exhibit any fire damage, it can be assumed that the ash was incorporated intentionally.
It was used to help prevent rising damp which stemmed from the ground-water level which remains too high, to the present day.
The work in Borg was evidently unsuccessful and the room was at first not used further.


New life (4th century)

Later, the room was again given a raised screed floor as well as a large, octagonal water basin in the centre.
The expansion took place at the start of the 4th century when many villas in the area around Trier experienced something of a re-birth.

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